The Town of  Micanopy, Florida is a political subdivision of the State of Florida created under the provisions of Chapter 165, Florida Statutes. The Town was established under Chapter 24723 (Special Acts of 1947) of the Florida Legislature. Accordingly, it is controlled by the Florida Constitution and various Florida Statutes as well as its own local charter dated January 1, 1983, ordinances, and policies. Micanopy is one of nine incorporated municipal governments in Alachua County. The Research Demographer at the University of Florida officially lists the Town’s population at 605 residents. 

Incorporated 1837. Dr. Payne, a Virginian, established a settlement at the present site in 1835 and the government there established a military post in 1837. Near this site had stood the Spanish Mission of Santa Ana. White colonists reached the area in 1817 to settle on a land grant of 290,000 acres owned by Don Fernando de la Maza Arredondo of Cuba. The town was named after Mikanope, Chief of the Seminole Indians at the beginning of the Seminole War of 1835. The name itself signifies “chief of chiefs.” There is also a folklore account, which names the community for a slow-pay Irish merchant – “Micky-no-pay.” Still another twist on the name is that the trader told an Indian creditor, “Me can no pay.”

The Town of Micanopy operates under the Council-Manager form of government. The Town Council is elected by the voters and in turn, the Council appoints a professionally trained individual as its Town Administrator. It is the responsibility of the Town Administrator to handle day to day operation of city business. The Town Council makes policy decisions, and votes on all legislative or quasi-judicial matters required or enabled by state or federal law.